Posts for tag: Hammertoes
When most people think about foot deformities they most often think about bunions; however, hammertoes are just as common. This unassuming deformity comes about gradually, so you may not even notice it until it’s too late. “What is a hammertoe?” You might be wondering. A hammertoe affects the middle joint of a toe (often the smaller toes), causing the toe to bend downward. In severe cases, a hammertoe will look almost claw-like.
There are two kinds of hammertoes: flexible and rigid. As you might imagine, a flexible hammertoe is one in which you can still straighten the toe out. If you aren’t able to straighten the affected toe then this is a rigid hammertoe. A flexible hammertoe isn’t as serious as a rigid one; however, it’s important that you take care of your hammertoe to make sure that it doesn’t get worse.
While there is no way to cure a hammertoe there are simple measures you can take to prevent it from progressing. First and foremost, you need to take a look at the shoes you are wearing and make sure that they aren’t too tight. When you slip your feet into your shoes, does it cause your toes to bunch up against one another? If so then this could make your hammertoe worse.
Instead, opt for shoes with an ample toe box, which will allow your toes to wiggle and move around freely. If you have a structural imbalance within the foot this can leave you prone to foot problems such as hammertoes and bunions. To correct this imbalance, talk to your foot doctor about getting custom orthotics (shoe inserts), which can be placed into your shoes to help provide cushioning, support, and shock absorption for your feet.
If pain or stiffness does rear its ugly head you can choose to take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen, which can tackle both pain and inflammation in one fell swoop, or you can place a towel-wrapped ice pack (never put ice directly on the skin, as it can cause severe burns) over the area for several minutes.
Just as you can buy pads to cover a bunion or callus, you can also buy a non-medicated protective pad to cover over a hammertoe. Since the deformed toe joint juts out this can leave the toe prone to calluses, which can cause pain when wearing shoes. To prevent a callus from forming, you can apply a protective pad over the deformed toe joint before putting on shoes.
Of course, if you are dealing with significant or frequent pain, or if the hammertoe is rigid, then you will want to turn to a podiatric specialist. In severe cases, surgery may be recommended to correct the disfigured joint.
What your foot doctors in Clintonville and Dublin want you to know
A hammertoe gets its name from a deformity in your toe which resembles a hammer. Your toe can bend inward at the middle joint, forcing the bone to jut outward. Over time, your tightened muscles become unable to straighten out, and your joint remains in an unnatural position, causing the deformity known as hammertoe. Fortunately, there are ways to both prevent and treat hammertoe.
Your podiatrists at the Clintonville/Dublin Foot & Ankle Group want to share the facts about hammertoe. They have two convenient office locations in Clintonville and Dublin, OH to help your feet.
Hammertoe typically happens to your second, third or fourth toe and is caused by wearing shoes that don’t fit properly and crowd your toes, forcing the joint to jut outward. You can also get hammertoe from a muscle or tendon imbalance in your foot. Hammertoe is more common in women because they often wear shoes that are too narrow, forcing the toes into uncomfortable, contorted positions.
You can recognize hammertoe by its unique deformity and by the formation of calluses or corns at the top of your toe’s middle joint. Corns or calluses form because of your toes rubbing against the inside of your shoes. Over time, hammertoe can make it difficult for you to wear shoes.
It’s best to prevent hammertoe by following a few simple steps:
- Wear shoes with enough room for your toes
- Do toe exercises like picking up objects from the floor
- Stretch your toes individually
- Wear cushions, callus or corn pads
- Take anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling
Your podiatrists at the Clintonville/Dublin Foot & Ankle Group offer several effective remedies for stubborn, severe cases of hammertoe. They may recommend:
- Splinting your toe to realign the joint
- Wearing custom-fit orthotics to ease pain and correct an imbalance
- Injections of corticosteroids to lessen inflammation
- Surgical correction for severe hammertoe cases
Don’t suffer the pain and disabling effects of hammertoe. Get some relief and get back on your feet by calling your podiatrists at the Clintonville/Dublin Foot & Ankle Group, with offices in Clintonville and Dublin, OH. Call today!
A hammertoe is one of the most common toe conditions, usually stemming from muscle imbalance in which the joints of the second, third, fourth or fifth toe are bent into a contracted, claw-like position. In the early stages, hammertoes are flexible and can be corrected with simple conservative measures, but if left untreated, they can become fixed and require surgery.
The most common cause of hammertoe is a muscle imbalance. Tight-fitting and high-heeled shoes often aggravate the condition, crowding your toes forward. A hammertoe can also be the result of injury in which you break or jam the toe, or from conditions like arthritis or stroke that affect nerves and muscles. In some cases, hammertoes may even be inherited.
Because of their clenched, claw-like appearance, hammertoes will generally be visibly present. Other signs and symptoms include:
- Difficult or painful motion of a toe joint
- Redness or swelling at a toe joint
- Development of calluses and corns
- Open sores in severe cases
The foot and ankle professionals at our office recommend the following for preventing and reducing the symptoms associated with hammertoe:
- Wear comfortable, proper-fitting shoes that provide support and allow enough room for your toes
- Avoid high-heeled or narrow-toed shoes
- Stretch your toe muscles to relieve pressure and pain
- Apply splints, cushions or pads to relieve pressure
- Moisturize with cream to keep the skin soft
Generally, a modification of footwear will reduce the symptoms associated with hammertoe. Other non-surgical treatment includes padding to shield corns and calluses and orthotic devices that are placed in the shoe to help control muscle imbalance. We can help you determine the best treatment for your symptoms. Severe cases that don't respond to conservative measures may require surgery to restore your toe's flexibility and eliminate the pressure.
Hammertoes are progressive - they don't go away by themselves and the condition usually gets worse over time. Once a podiatrist at has evaluated your hammertoe, a treatment plan can be developed that is suited to your needs.