Posts for category: Foot Issues
With as much weight bearing and movement your feet put in each day, it's easy to understand how foot and ankle injuries can happen. Our podiatrists at Clintonville Foot & Ankle Group in Columbus, Ohio, have identified three common causes of foot pain and offered some details about their symptoms and treatments in this post.
If you're a woman who frequently wears narrow shoes, particularly high heels, you may have a bunion and not even realize it! Bunions happen when the joint at the base of the big toe begins to jut outwards in response to the toes being crowded together. Our Columbus podiatrists most often see female patients with this condition due to the styles of their popular footwear. In this case, a cushioned pad or shoe insert may help take pressure off the bunion, although rethinking your shoe choices for something roomier can also make a huge difference. Splints worn at night can also help by guiding the big toe back into a more natural position. Those whose bunions continue to be painful may need surgery to reconstruct the joint.
The plantar fascia is a ligament that you probably haven't thought much about... that is unless it becomes inflamed and starts to make it difficult to walk! This common foot ailment often affects people whose jobs require a lot of time on their feet and usually hurts worst in the morning upon getting out of bed. Rest, a combination of ice and heat, and a change to more supportive footwear can help relieve this condition. A few of our Columbus patients, however, may need surgery to stop the cycle of inflammation caused by plantar fasciitis.
Another common problem that podiatrists routinely treat are sprained ankles, which occur when the connective tissues inside the ankle are stretched past their capacity. Whether you're an athlete or just unlucky during icy weather, sprains, unfortunately, happen every day at random.
The degree of a sprain typically dictates the treatment, which may just require a few days of rest or even immobilization if the injury is severe. This variance of severity is why if you think you've sprained your ankle, it's important to contact your Columbus podiatrist right away.
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At Clintonville Foot & Ankle Group, we're committed to helping our patients experience comfort and function to the fullest. If you're having foot pain and aren't sure what's causing it, contact us at one of our convenient Ohio locations - Clintonville, Dublin, or Columbus - to schedule an evaluation with one of our podiatrists today!
What Causes Warts?
Got foot warts? Nearly everyone will have a wart at some point in their lives. Warts are typically small, hard skin growths caused by an infection with humanpallilloma virus. Foot warts are treatable. Foot warts are among the most common dermatologic conditions podiatrists treat. Read on to learn about the causes of warts.
An HPV Infection
Common warts are caused by by an HPV infection. Over 100 types of HPV exist. Certain types of HPV infection cause cervical cancer. Some types of HPV infection cause foot warts, while others cause warts that appear on the face, neck, or hands. Of the 100 types of HPV, about 60 cause common warts on areas such as the hands or feet.
Wart viruses are contagious. You can get foot warts from skin-to-skin contact with people who have warts. However, not all HPV strains are highly contagious. You can get the wart virus by touching an object that another person's wart touched, such as clothing, towels, shoes, or exercise equipment.
Breaks in Your Skin
HPV infects the top layer of skin and usually enters the body in an area of damaged or cut skin. Cuts from shaving can provide an avenue for infection. Getting a scrape can also bring on common warts. Foot warts are very common in swimmers whose feet are scratched by rough pool surfaces.
A Weak Immune System
In most cases, your immune system defeats an HPV infection before it creates a wart. Someone with a weakened immune system is more vulnerable and therefore more likely to develop warts. Immune systems can be weakened by HIV or by immunosuppressant drugs used after organ transplants.
If you want to get rid of foot warts, see your podiatrist as soon as possible. Many types of effective wart treatments are available. They include salicylic acid, cantharidin, cryotherapy, laser treatment, and surgery. Your podiatrist can help you get rid of foot warts once and for all!
Did you fall or twist your ankle but aren't sure if it's sprained? A few signs and symptoms tend to occur if you've suffered a sprain. Sprains are among the foot and ankle injuries the Columbus, OH-area podiatrists at Clintonville/Dublin Foot & Ankle in Clintonville, Dublin, and Southwest Columbus treat.
Is it a sprain?
If you have a sprained ankle, a few of these signs and symptoms may occur:
- Pain: Sprained ankles are usually painful. Sprains happen when ligaments are stretched or torn, an injury that causes varying amounts of pain depending on the severity of the ligament damage. If your ligament only stretches slightly, your ankle might hurt when you twist or roll it, but feel much better 10 minutes later. Tears can cause pain that persists even when you're not on your feet.
- Popping Sound: Things can get a little noisy if you damage a ligament. Many people who have sprained ankles report hearing a popping sound when the injury occurred.
- Swelling: Swelling begins soon after you sprain your ankle and is triggered by your body's natural repair process. Blood flow increases when your body sends white blood cells to the injured area. The sudden increase in blood flow is responsible for swelling.
- Bruising: Bruising occurs when small blood vessels are torn. When the vessels burst, a small amount of blood collects under the skin, making it look black and blue.
- Stiffness: Swelling causes stiffness that may make walking challenging. If you can't put any pressure on your foot, call your Clintonville, Dublin, and Columbus podiatrist as soon as possible. In addition to severe sprains, fractures can also cause instability.
How can a foot doctor help?
If your ankle pain doesn't get better in a week or two, is severe or makes it difficult to walk, schedule an appointment with your foot doctor. Depending on the severity of your injury, your podiatrist may recommend that you use crutches and wear a cast or walking boot to ease pressure on your joint while it heals. He may also recommend participation in physical therapy to strengthen the muscles that support the ankle. Surgery is usually only needed if your ankle joint is unstable.
Ease your ankle pain with a visit to the foot doctor. Schedule an appointment with the Columbus, OH, area podiatrists at Clintonville/Dublin Foot & Ankle Group by calling (614) 267-8387 for the Clintonville office, (614) 761-1466 for the Dublin office, or (614) 272-2313 for the Southwest office.
Corns and calluses are thick, hardened areas of skin that develop in response to your body's natural defense to repeated pressure or friction. While neither condition presents a long-term or serious health risk, they can be painful, irritating and unattractive.
Identifying a Corn or Callus
Corns and calluses are similar in nature, but differ in size and location. Corns are smaller than calluses and usually have a hard, thickened center surrounded by red, inflamed skin. They typically develop on the tops and sides of your toes and can be painful when touched. Calluses generally develop on your heels and balls of your feet. They vary in size and shape, although almost always larger than corns.
For most people who develop calluses or corns, eliminating the source of pressure is usually enough to make the thickened skin disappear. We recommend the following for treating corns and calluses:
- Wear comfortable shoes and socks. When footwear fits properly, there is less opportunity for friction and rubbing to occur.
- Soak your feet in warm, soapy water to help remove corns and calluses. Rub the thickened skin with a pumice stone to remove toughened layers more easily.
- Keeping your feet moisturized with foot cream or lotion will help improve the quality of your skin and rid your feet from calluses or corns.
When to Seek Care
When corns and calluses don't respond to conservative care, contact our office for a careful evaluation. We can investigate the possible causes of your corn or callus, safely remove the thick, hardened area of skin, and recommend appropriate footwear and treatment, including padding and inserts. Never attempt to cut away a corn or callus on your own, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation. Instead, seek advice for careful removal and proper care.
A bunion is an abnormal, bony prominence that develops on the joint at the base of your big toe. As the big toe joint becomes enlarged, it forces the toe to crowd against your other toes, and the pressure exerted on your big toe joint results in inflammation and pain. Early treatment is necessary to decrease the risk of developing joint deformities.
Bunions develop due to prolonged abnormal pressure or motion on your big toe joint, most often caused by inherited structural defects, poor-fitting shoes, foot injuries, or congenital deformities. Women are generally more prone to bunions because of the shoe types typically worn, such as high-heels and narrow-toed shoes.
Bunion pain can range from mild to severe, often making it difficult to wear shoes and perform normal activities. You should contact our office if you notice the following symptoms:
- An enlarged, visible bulge on your big toe joint
- Restricted movement of your big toe or foot that prevents you from performing normal activities
- Irritation, corns or calluses caused by the overlap of the first and second toes
- Frequent pain, swelling or redness around your big toe joint
Treatment For a Bunion
Treatment for a bunion will vary depending on its severity. Identifying the condition in its early stages is important to avoid surgery, with the main objective of early treatment being to relieve pressure and stop the progression of the deformity. Many times conservative treatments, such as padding, modified footwear or orthotic devices can be highly effective for preventing further growth and reducing the pressure and pain.
We recommend the following for reducing pressure and pain caused by bunions:
- Wear comfortable shoes that don't cramp or irritate your toes and avoid high-heeled shoes
- Apply ice to reduce inflammation and pain
- Our podiatrists can show you how to apply padding to your foot to place it in its normal position and reduce stress on the bunion
When early treatments fail or the persistent pain associated with your bunion is interfering with your daily activities, a surgical procedure may be recommended as a last resort to realign the toe joint and alleviate the pressure. We can advise you on the best treatment options available to relieve pressure on the bunion and slow the progression of the joint deformity.